Some of these were sub-camps, called "Outer Camps" Aussenlagerbuilt around a larger central camp Stammlageror served as "operational camps" established for a temporary need. Prisoners who were doctors, like Gisella Perlworked there.
Here too were the main supply stores, workshops and Schutzstaffel SS companies. Plans called for the expansion of the camp first to houseand eventually as many asinmates.
Internees The two largest groups of prisoners in the camps, both numbering in the millions, were the Polish Jews and the Soviet prisoners of war POWs held without trial or judicial process.
These were rooms with only one small window. Auschwitz I, the original camp, became the administrative center for the whole complex. Prisoner identity photographs taken by Wilhelm Brasse.
The hospital director personally went from village to village to collect milk. Conditions were brutal and prisoners were often sent to the gas chambers or killed on site if they did not work quickly enough.
The attributes that sustain the Outstanding Universal Value of the property are truthfully and credibly expressed, and fully convey the value of the property. In addition to its proximity to the concentration camp, which could be used as a source of cheap labor, the site had good railway connections and access to raw materials.
Meals at the worksite included herbal tea and a piece of bread with margarine or jam. Almost every community in Germany had members who were taken there. This small camp, Auschwitz I, was reserved throughout its history for political prisoners, mainly Poles and Germans.
The collections at the site preserve the evidence of those who were premeditatedly murdered, as well as presenting the systematic mechanism by which this was done. Individual structures of high historical significance, such as railway sidings and ramps, food stores and industrial buildings, are dispersed in the immediate setting of the property.
Fromat any time, there were between 13, and 16, prisoners in Auschwitz I. The picture above depicts a speech by camp commander Theodor Eicke to prisoners who were about to be released. There are also ruins of gas chambers and crematoria in Birkenau, which were dynamited in January Others worked in the medical or political departments, in the camp headquarters, or in the economic administration, which was responsible for the property of dead prisoners.
Now, it is a part of the museum at Auschwitz.
The architecture of the camp consisted mostly of pre-existing buildings converted by the Nazis to serve new functions. Although none of the categories are independent, many camps could be classified as a mixture of several of the above. The attributes that sustain the Outstanding Universal Value of the property are truthfully and credibly expressed, and fully convey the value of the property.
Meanwhile, beginning in the fall ofNazi officials selected around 70, Germans institutionalized for mental illness or disabilities to be gassed to death in the so-called Euthanasia Program.
Many women and men died during these experiments.Concentration Camps: List of Major Camps Eisenhower Cable to Marshall Re Nazi Horrors and Need to Show Press and Congress. Eisenhower Discusses Atrocities at Press Conference.
Eisenhower Letter On 10th Anniversary of Liberation of Concentration Camps. Full Listing of Camps.
German Collaborators. Camp Atrocities Death. Auschwitz Birkenau was the principal and most notorious of the six concentration and extermination camps established by Nazi Germany to implement its Final Solution policy which had as its aim the mass murder of the Jewish people in Europe.
Auschwitz Birkenau, German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (–) Type: (3rd session) Reference no. Region: Europe and North America: Auschwitz concentration camp was a network of concentration and extermination camps built and operated by Nazi Germany in (one-third of the space allotted in other Nazi.
Between andthe Schutztruppe of the Imperial German Army operated concentration camps in German South-West Africa (now Namibia) as part of its genocide of the Herero and Namaqua peoples.
The Shark Island Concentration Camp in Lüderitz was. KL Auschwitz was the largest of the German Nazi concentration camps and extermination centers. Over million men, women and children lost their lives here. director of Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum regarding the future of education about the Holocaust.
more National Day of Remembrance of the Victims of German Nazi Concentration. Many people refer to all of the Nazi incarceration sites during the Holocaust as concentration camps.
The term concentration camp is used very loosely to describe places of incarceration and murder under the Nazi regime, however, not all sites established by the Nazis were concentration camps.Download